Alan Singer, PhD


B.A.(Hons.) Oxf. B.Sc. (Hons.) Lond. MA. PGCE. Oxf. Ph.D. Canterbury (NZ)



BooneN.C. 28608U.S.A.

NAME:                                 Dr.  Alan Evan SINGER

DATE OF BIRTH:               14 February 1954

NATIONALITY:                  US permanent resident, EU/UK & New Zealand citizen.



1972-75           B.A. (Hons.) Mathematics.  TheQueensCollege,OxfordUniversity.  (M.A. awarded in 1977).

1976-7             P.G.C.E  (Diploma in Education)  OxfordUniversityDept. of Educational Studies.

1978-81           B.Sc. (Hons.) Psychology. BirkbeckCollege,UniversityofLondon(Part time)

1989‑1992       Ph.D. UniversityofCanterbury,Christchurch.  Thesis: "Corporate Strategy as Plural Rationality". 

                            External (I)            Professor G Hodgson, Judge Institute,

                             Examiners:                          University of Cambridge,England.

                              (II)          Professor P Earl,University of Queensland,Australia.



Jan 2014-present                     Professor,Walker School of Business, Appalachian State U.

Jan 2008-Dec 2013                James E. Holshouser Distinguished Professor of Ethics, ASU.

Sept. 04-May 05                    John L. Aram Professor of Business Ethics, Gonzaga U.

Feb. 1999+                             Reader, Department of Management,University of Canterbury,New Zealand

Feb. 1987                                Senior Lecturer. (and Erskine Fellow, Oct-Nov 1993).

Feb. 1985 -                              Lecturer, Department of Business Administration,UniversityofCanterbury.

Jun. 1984                                 Visiting lecturer, Department of Accountancy,UniversityofCanterbury.

Jan. 1982 - Feb. 1985             Lecturer, Department of Business Administration,VictoriaUniversityofWellington.

1978-81                                   Lecturer, Emile Woolf & Associates,London(and Chart Tutors,Bristol).

1977 -78                                  Lecturer (part-time), at the Department of Management, London Guildhall university

1976-7                                    Taught Mathematics at Westminster School

1975-6                                     Thos. R. Miller & Sons.  Insurance Brokers (at Lloyds).


TheLondonSchoolof Economics (InterdisciplinaryInstituteofManagement) June-July 1997; UH Manoa (CBA Jan.-June 1997; 1999.  UWesternAustralia(Dept. Management) 1990 –1; Erskine fellowships 1993 (UWA), 2006 (UHM)



Nominated for Who’s Who in America 2010; Listed in Who’s Who in the World, Marquis, 1998, 1999, 2000,  2001 & 2003; World Who’s Who in Finance and Industry Marquis, 1999. Also in minor lists: Whos' Who in Business Education (forthcoming), Who's Who in Asia and the Pacific Nations. 4th Edition. 1999; Who’s Who in New Zealand; ANBAR Citation of Excellence 1997. Interview appeared in  Bulletin HEC, Universite Lausanne;  International Directory of Distinguished Leadership (2001), ABI; 2000 Outstanding Intellectuals of the 20th Century and in Outstanding People of the 20th Centuy (2nd edn.) IBC Cambridge (2000);  Dictionary of International Biography 28th Edition. IBC Cambridge; Nominated (1997) for the Matson Distinguished Professorship of Global Business,University ofHawaii.



Worldwide book review editor for Human Systems Management, IOS  Science & Technology, Dordrecht; Associate Editor, International Journal of Business & Globalisation Ed Boards: Journal of Business EthicsKluwer, Netherlands. (1987-2003); Journal of International Enterpreneurship (new Springer jnl.);  New Zealand Journal of Business, Auckland, NZ. (1987-96); African Journal of Business Ethics (S Africa) ; The Jnl. of Economic Development and Business Policy (new jnl. USA).

Special issues edited

Int. J. Enterpreneurship & Small Business. (2008) Entrepreneurship & moral progress

Human Systems Management (2007) Corporate social responsibility

Int. J. Enterpreneurship & Innovation Mgmt. (2005) Entrepreneurship & poverty

Human Systems Management (1995) Organisational capital & productivity

Journal Reviewing 

Business Ethics: European Review; Academy of Management, Social Issues in Management, 2005; Journal of Business Ethics; Journal of Management Studies; Human Systems Management; Complexity (Santa Fe Institute); Journal of Applied Social Psychology. Journal of Economic Psychology; OMEGA: International. Journal of  Management Science; European Journal of Operational Research;International Journal of Human Factors in Manufacturing; International Journal of Operations and Quantitative Management; British Food Journal, Journal of Economic & Social Policy.

Other book reviewing

Strategic Management (Australian edn.) J Wiley (2005) .Philosophy and Organisation Routledge (2003); Global Marketing  and Co-operative Networks.  Haworth Press, NY. (2000); An Inquiry into the Science of Management.  Kluwer Amsterdam (1998); Strategic Management  Longman Paul NZ (1994); Forecasting &  Decision Making  J. Wiley (1989);


Strategic Management course, Nelson Polytechnic, (1993); Business Ethics & Critical Thinking, TOPNZ.  (1994); NZVCC/NZQA B.Bus. degree, Manakau Polytechnic.  (1994); Business Ethics.ChristchurchCollege of Education (2000); External examiner for various Masters degree thesis.


Member of The Society for  Business Ethics; ISBEE, The New York Academy of Sciences.(1995-6) Former member of: Inst.  Maths. & Applns.  British Psych. Soc. ORSNZ, AAANZ. Board member of the Australasian Business & Behavioural Science Association (Centre for Business & Economic Research, James Cook University) Founder member: S.I. Branch of the NZ Strategic Management Society.  NZ Coordinator of  APABEN (Asia Pacific Business Ethics Network, 1995); Member of UoC “Moral Political & Philosophical” interdisciplinary discussion group (2004)


Wachovia Ethics Conference at ASU ( 2008: Health & credit; 2010: Business & environmental ethics. 2012: Business ethics and inequality. 2013 Ethics in Sports & Athletics, Organised, promoted, chaired, panelist).  Symposium on Business Ethics (with Professor Werhane) Sept 1997. U Canterbury. New Zealand Strategic Management Society Annual Conference. U. Canterbury. 1995 & 2000 (Conference Board of advisors, 1999). Organized, chaired and presented at faculty seminar series on business ethics/ corporate social responsibility, 2008-2011 (Spring semester) at ASU;  and 2006 -7 at U.Canterbury.



ASU Sustainability Council 2009-13; Sucommitee on Sustauinability and Arts. Departmental Personnel Committee; Curriculum committee,  Strategy search committee; Faculty advisor to Judaic Studies; University of Canterbury: Academic Staffing Committee. University Chair Appointment Committees (Professor of Education, Professor of Statistics, Chair and Director of Centre for Research on Europe) 2001. Academic Board.  Oct. 1998+,  Human Ethics Review Committee 1999+  Dept. Graduate Research Committee and Coordinator of PhD Admissions 1998+,  Coordinator, M.Com in Business Admin. 1995 & 1996 and again in 2002,  Faculty liaison officer for disabled students and students with special needs.  1992+,  Dept. Library liaison officer 1988‑91,  Dept. Leave Committee 1992+., Dept. Visitor Committee 1992-7.

Organised visits from:

Professor Robert Doktor (U. Hawaii at Manoa), Professor Robert Allinson (Chinese U. Hong Kong) Emeritus Professor JP Van Gigch (Cal. State, Sacremento), Professor Patricia Werhane (Darden School,); Professor Muhittin Oral (Laval,); Professor Milan Zeleny (Fordham, ); Professor Arch Woodside (Tulane );  Professor Peter Earl (Lincoln);;  Professor Solomon (U. Texas, visitor to Canterbury Philosophy Dept.); Professor Remus (U. Hawaii); Professor Jacobs (U. Hawaii).

Seminars conducted (examples)

Teaching Business Ethics (2017) U Diego Portales  (Chile).  Ethics Panelist, NetImpact sustainability conference, ASU 2010.   Seminar at Redlands University: An organsing framework for strategy and ethics (2006);  Gonzaga University:  Ethics across the curriculum (with Prof Stebbins of Gonzaga Inst. of Ethics (2004); UH Hilo, Hypercompetition and ths Stakeholder Model  (2002); The London School of Economics,   Evolution of strategic thinking. (1997); University of Hawaii at Manoa, Various papers. (1999, 1997 & 1993), CBA faculty seminars and the CIS-Interdisciplinary Doctoral program; Cranfield School of Management Multi-capital conceptual model (1997); Lincoln University (1996); Warwick Business School, University of Warwick,  Strategy as moral philosophy (1995). Victoria University of Wellington   Strategy as rationality (1994); Marketing Research Society of Western Australia,  Business Ethics (1991).

Other invitations (examples)

Keynote Address at Programa Del Seminario Internacional Sobre Business Ethics Facultad De Economia Y Empresa Universidad Diego Portales (August 2017)  The International Conference of Management and Philosophy, National Central University, Chung-li, Taiwan. (March 1998); The First World Congress on “Culture and the Economic Development of Civilisation” Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; convene a panel at the The 5thInternational Conf. on Social Values, St. Catherines College, Oxford University, July 6-9 1999; join the editorial board of a proposed new journal, theInternational Journal of Corporate Governance; to attend the award ceremony of the Coopers & Lybrands “Igor Ansoff Strategic Management Award”, Amsterdam, 1997; to give a keynote address at theInternational Conference on Interdisciplinary Research,International Institute for Advanced. Studies in Systems Analysis & Cybernetics,Carlsbad,Czech Republic, (1994).

Other external

Ethics talks at Blowing Rock Rotary 2009& 2012. Member of planning panel (2005) meeting with Dr Galen & Dr Hood (President of Institute of Systems Biology, Seattle; leader of Human Genome DNA sequencing project)  Specialist Advisor to PBRF panel (Business & Economics), Wellington, 2003. Corporate in-house seminars related to my research.  (Jardens, TAB).  Auditor, National Committee of Friends Society (1993).  Board Member ofCanterburyCongregation.  Member of TheCanterburyEthnic Council. Teasurer, SI Branch of NZ Strategic Management Society (1994-5). Speaker at Lincoln Rotary Club (1995), Initated and organised the Departmental involvement in the annual Montana Debate, Christchurch Polytechnic, (1991-4). Taught maths atKirkwood.



At Appalachian State University

1. Business Ethics 400 & 500 level, various outreach classes across campus.

2. Contemporary Issues in Management & Leadership 400 & 500 level

3. Strategic Management (MBA, Fall 2014)

At the School of Business, Gonzaga University, Spokane, Washington USA:

1.  Business Ethics (MBA, and 400-level)

2. InternationalBusiness & Society (MBA)

At Department of Management, University of Canterbury, N.Z.:

1.        InternationalBusiness & Society/ Business Ethics (MBA, LLM, M.Com/Hons.) 1989+  & M.E.M. (Engineering Dept.) 1995+

2.         Strategic Management (MBA) 1985+.

3.         Business enterprise and policy (300 level) 1985+.

  1. Advanced Strategic Management (M.Com./Hons.) 1993+.
  2. Quant. Methods(Accounting) (Diploma, 500 level) 1998+

6          Marketing & strategic management (500 level) 1998+

7.         Special topic: Strategic Decision Making (300 level) 1986‑8.

8.         Organisational Behaviour (200 level) 1987‑8.

9.         M.Com. projects (various).

10                MBA projects (various)

11                PhD students thesis topics (i) Corruption inInternational Business (ii) Valuation of SMEs. (iii) The liberal university and the new politics.

At University of Hawaii at Manoa (CBA)

1.         Strategic Management 1997

At Department of Accountancy, University of Canterbury:

1.         Behavioural Accounting (M.Comm, Accy.) 1985‑6.

2.         Management Accounting (200 level) 1984.

At Department of Management, University of Western Australia (1990‑1):

1.         Administrative Policy (MBA)

2.         Business Ethics (MBA)

3.         Organisational Strategy 321

At Department of Business Administration, VUW, Wellington, N.Z.:

1.         Business Policy (MBA & 300-level) 1982‑4.

2.         Business Analysis (200-level) 1982‑4.

At Emile Woolf & Associates, London, England:

1.         Financial Management (InstituteofChartered AccountantsofEngland& Wales, Final post-graduate Professional Level

2.         Management Accounting ( " ).

3.         Systems & Data Processing (Part 1 professional).

4.         Statistics & Operations Research (Various Accounting Institutes'  professional exams).

5.         Organisation & Marketing Management (Inst.  Cost & Mgt Accts,  professional exam.  Part 2).

At Chart Tutors, Bristol, England:

1.         Financial Management (ICAEW, Part 2).

At  London Guildhall University, Whitechapel, London:

1.         Statistics & Operations Research.

 In Business Ethics courses (all levels) I use “Ethical Issues in Business: A Philosophical Approach” edited by Tom Donaldson & Pat Werhane.  Currently have a paper (under review) about an innovative approach to teaching with that book.  In strategy (MBA) I used Hill & Jones “Strategic Management”.



BOOKS (5+)

Singer AE (2018) Understanding Left & Right: An Illustrated Guide to the Political Divide.Nova Science NY

Singer AE (2013): Business Ethics in the 21st Century: Stability and Change. Nova Science: NY.

Singer AE (2007) Integrating Strategy & Ethics : Selected Works of Alan E Singer.  World Scientific Publishing Co: NJ.  ISBN-13 9789812701459  & 10 9812701451

Singer A.E. (2007) (Ed.) Business Ethics & Strategy. Vol. I & Vol. II, The International Library of Public and Private Ethics,Ashgate,England, (collection of reprints, including introduction and 4 papers by the editor) ISBN 0754626091

Werhane P. & A.E. Singer. (Eds.) Business Ethics in Theory and Practice: Contributions from Asia and New Zealand   Kluwer Academic,Dordrecht, 1999: 256pp. ISBN 079235849

Singer A.E. Strategy as Rationality: Redirecting Strategic Thought and Action.   Avebury Series in Philosophy, Avebury, Aldershot, England, 1996: 135 pp. ISBN 1859722709. Reprinted in 2013.


Singer AE (2018) Corporate Moral Agency and Stakeholder Engagement. Chapter 2 In: Adam Lindgren et al (eds.). Stakeholder Engagement & Relationship Management  . Routledge.

Singer A.E. (2017) Universal ideology and ethical strategy.   Chapter 2 in: JD Rendorff (Ed.) Perspectives on Philosophy of Management and Business Ethics: Including a Special Section on Business and Human Rights.  Ethical Economy Series Vol. 51.  Springer International. 

Singer A.E. (2012) Eco-preneurship and Recursivity. In: M Muffatto & P Giacon (Eds.)  Entrepreneurial Strategies and Policies for Economic Growth .  Liberiauniversitaria (Italy)  ISBN 978886292266-1,  pp603-616

Singer A.E. (2012) Reflection on eco-preneurship. In: T Burger-Helmchen (Ed.) Entrepreneurship:Born Made & Educated. . Intech (Croatia).  ISBN 979935307531-9,  pp59-74 (ch. 4)

Singer A.E. (2011). Stability and change in business ethics. In: Advances in Business & Management Vol 2,  NovaScience : NY  (Hardback,, also available as open access)

Singer A.E. (2011). Ethics and Entrepreneurship. In LP Dana (ed.) World Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship. Edward Elgar: England.

Singer A.E  Human systems management and the advancement of humane ideals. In Y Shi (ed) Knowledge and Wisdom: Advances in MCDM & HSM. IOS Press: Dordrecht (adapted reprint of article in BEQ 17(2) 2007).

Singer A.E   Introductions to “Strategy and Ethics” Vol 1 & Vol 2 in op. cit.

Singer A.E. & A Robb Business Ethics in New Zealand. The Blackwell Encyclopedic Dictionary of Business Ethics (2nd edn.)  Edited by Profs. R.E. Freeman & P.H. Werhane, Blackwell, 2004: 379-381.

Singer A.E., Lysonski, S., Singer M.S.., Hayes D.  Ethical Myopia: the case of  "framing" by framing. Reprinted in T.Donaldson, P Werhane & M Cording (eds). Ethical Issues in Business: A Philosophical Approach (7th edn.) . Prentice Hall  2002: 511-21

Singer AE   "Metamodeling"  In: Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems. (Systems Science and Cybernetics section)  Published on the web by the UNESCO Secretariat,Paris,France and EOLSS Publishers,OxfordEngland (2001)

Singer A. E. Synergy-orientation and intellectual property. In: SM Natale, AF Libertella & G Hayward(eds.) On the Threshold of the Millenium. University Press ofAmerica, Lanham MD &Oxford. 2000:67-79.

Singer AE   Philosophy and the Third Way  In: Shui Chuen Lee (ed.) Philosophy and Management : Ethical and Empirical Studies.NationalCentralUniversity,Chungli, Taiwan R.O.C. 1999 : 97-122.

Singer A.E.  “Hypercompetition”  In : The IEBM Handbook of IT in Business.  Edited by M. Zeleny, International Thompson Business Press, London. (2000) :63-73. (Reprinted in 2nd Edition 2001)

Singer A.E.   Synergy-orientation and the Third Way.  In Werhane P & A.E. Singer op cit.:

Singer A.E. “Sam’s Journey”.  In: Narratives of Business and Society in New Zealand : Parallel Voices. Edited by J. Monin,N. Monin and R.Walker, Addison Wesley Longman 2000:174-182

Singer A.E. Escalation of commitment. In: PE Earl & S Kemp(eds.) the Elgar Companion to Economic Psychology and Consumer Research.  Gower,Aldershot 1999: 192-200.

Singer A.E.  Rationality.  In PE Earl & S Kempop. cit. : 480-486.

Singer A.E. Education without tradeoffs.  In : The Management of Values: Organizational and Educational Issues.  Edited by Samual M Natale. University Press ofAmerica, Lanham MD &Oxford. 1998: 125-140

Singer A.E. “Management information systems”. In the: International Encyclopedia of Business & Management. Edited by Malcolm Warner, (Judge Institute, University of Cambridge).  International Thompson Business Press, London, 1996: 2888 - 2906.  Reprinted in the Concise Edition of the IEBM, 1997: 377-395 and reprinted again in the IEBM Handbook of IT in Business, 2000. 179-199.  Revised with P Barnes (Bath University, U.K.) and reprinted again in the 2nd Edition of the IEBM Handbook of IT in Business, 2001

Singer A.E.  Strategy and Rationality. In : M. Warner (ed.) op cit.: 4683 - 9.  Also reprinted in the 2nd Edition of the IEBM

Singer A.E. Business Ethics in New Zealand.  The Blackwell Encyclopedic Dictionary of Business Ethics.  Edited by Profs. R.E. Freeman & P.H. Werhane, Blackwell, Oxford. 1997: 86-88. (revised version, with Alan Robb, reprinted in  2nd edition,  2004)

Singer A.E. Rationality and Ethics. In R.E. Freeman & P.H Werhane,  op.cit. 542-4.

Singer A.E. Meta-theory, Hyper-strategy and Ultra-games, in PE Earl (ed.)  Management, Marketing and the Competitive Process, Gower, Aldershot, 1996:329-351. .

Singer A.E. Plural Rationalities and Strategic Intelligence.  In Global Perspectives on Competitive Intelligence.  Edited by J.E. Prescott & P.T. Gibbons.  Published by the Society of Competitive Intelligence Professionals. Virginia,USA. 1993: 351‑366. 



Singer AE (2017) Thinking strategically about ‘corporate personhood’ Human Systems Management 36, 129–140

Singer AE  (2016) Moral Knowledge for Human Systems. Human Systems Management 35, 325-333

Singer AE (2016) Corporate moral-agency as an epistemological organizing principle. Human Systems Management 35(1) 65-77

Singer AE (2015) Convergent technologies and stakeholder governance. Int, Jnl, Social and Org. Dynamics in Info. Tech. 4(2) pp1-11.

Singer AE (2015) Accelerating economic inequality and the moral responsibilities of corporate-employed technologists. IJ Social & Organizational Issues in IT. . 4(1) pp28-33.

Singer A.E. (2013). Social responsibility, political activity and competitive strategy: an integrative model. Business Ethics: A European Review 22(3) 308-324.

Singer AE (2013) James Martin’s 21st century and the new dynamic of inequality Human Systems Management. DOI 10.3233/HSM-130779

Singer A.E. (2013 ) Corporate moral agency and artificial intelligence. IJ Social & Organizational Issues in IT,  3(1) 1-13 (lead article)

Singer A.E. (2013) Teaching ethics cases:  a pragmatic approach. Business Ethics: A European Review.  22(1) 16–31. doi: 10.1111/beer.12004

Singer A.E. (2012) Biology and freedom: an emerging stakeholder imperative   Human Systems Management 31: 85-95 (lead article).

Singer A.E. (2012) Wired for warmth: robotics as moral philosophy. IJ Social & Organisational Issues in IT 2 (3). 17-28.

Valdez ME, RH Doktor. L Dana &  AE Singer (2011). Impact of tolerance for uncertainty on entrepreneurship.  Human Systems Management 30, 2

Singer A.E. (2010) Organizing ethics and entrepreneurship Human Systems Management 29, 2: 69-78 (lead article)

Singer A.E.  (2010) Strategy as Metatheory  Integral Review (special issue on ‘emerging perspectives on metatheory’) 6,3 : 57-72

Singer AE  (2009) Integrating ethics and strategy: a pragmatic approach. Journal of Business Ethics   92 (4) : 479-492.   [DOI 10.1007/s10551-009-0176-z] 

Singer AE (2009) Classical pragmatism & modern finance Human Systems Management 28(3) pp.83-92 (lead article)

Singer A.E. & P Castka (2008)  Editorial ‘Introduction to the special issue’ on corporate social responsibility. Human Systems Management 27: 179-182.

Singer A.E. (2008) Ideals without ideology.  Human Systems Management 27: 261-272.

Singer A.E & R Doktor  (2008)  Entrepreneurship as wisdom. International Journal of  Entrepreneurship & Small Business.  6(1) : 20-27.


Singer A.E. (2008)  Editor’s Introduction to the special issue on entrepreneurship and moral progress. International Journal of  Entrepreneurship & Small Business   6(1) : 1-7.

Singer A.E  Strategy and ethics : managing human systems and advancing humane ideals  Business Ethics Quarterly. 2007 17(2) : 341-363

Singer A.E. (with A. Roy) Ethical knowledge and self-knowledge in corruption related decision making  International Journal of Management and Decision Making 8(1) 2007:  64-74.

Singer A.E.  Business strategy and poverty alleviation  Journal of Business Ethics 66,  2006 : 225-231.

Singer A.E. (with A. Roy) Reducing corruption in international business: behavioural, managerial and political approaches Journal of Economic and Social Policy 10(2) 2006 : 3-24.

Singer A.E.  Curing strategic myopia: drug pricing and health care.  Human Systems Management, 23 (3), 2004: 161-8

Singer A.E. Strategy and Poverty. International Journal of Enterpreneurship & Innovation Management 4(5), 2004: 426-449 (Special issue on entrepreneurship & poverty, eds. L Dana and AE Singer)

Singer A.E. & L Dana  Introduction to the special issue on “Entrepreneurship and Poverty” International Journal of Enterpreneurship & Innovation Management 4(5),2004: 421-5

Singer A.E.  Enterpriseaction for the common good:  market limitations as strategic problems. Journal of Enterprising Culture 11(1), 2003: 69-88 

Singer A.E.   Strategy and Recursivity  Human Systems Management  22(2), 2003 : 73-86 

Singer A.E. Global business and the dialectic: towards an ecological understanding. Human Systems Management  21(4), 2002, 249-65. (Appeared with a “Commentary on Singer’s Global Business” article, by A Sorensen,CopenhagenBusinessSchool, 21(4), 66-8)

Singer A.E. & M.Singer Intellectual property and moral imagination.  Journal of Economic & Social Policy 7(1), 2002: 1-22.

Singer A.E. & J Calton Dissolving the `digital dilemma': metatheory and intellectual property  Human Systems Management 20, 2001: 19-33 

Singer A.E., J Calton & M. Singer   Profit without Copyright   Small Business Economics 16, 2 , 2001: 149-156  Special issue on `Networks,Internationalization & Policy,

Singer A.E.  Hypercompetition: what's new? what's missing? what's next? New Zealand Strategic Management. 4(2) 1999: pp40-51.

Singer A.E Profit, stakeholders and the new front line. New Zealand Strategic Management, Autumn 1998: 20-27.

Singer A.E. Game theory and the evolution of strategic thinking.  Human Systems Management 16, 1, 1997:63-75.

Singer A.E. & Singer M.S. Management Science and Business Ethics.  Journal of Business Ethics 16, 1997:385-395..

Singer A.E. (with Singer M.S.) Observer judgements about moral agents' ethical decisions.  Journal of Business Ethics 16, 1997:473-484.

Singer A.E. Optimality and Strategy.  International Journal of Operations and Quantitative Management 2,2, 1996 : 111-126. .

Singer A.E. Strategic thinking without boundaries: Meta-decisions and transitions.  Systems Practice 9, 5, 1996: 531-537.

Singer A.E. Competitiveness as Hyper-strategy.  Human Systems Management.  14, 2, 1995 :163-178.

Singer A.E. Organizational Capital & Productivity.  Guest Editor's Introduction to special issue of Human Systems Management.  14, 1, 1995: 1-6.

Singer A.E. Doing Strategy as Doing Good: The New Pragmatism.  New Zealand Strategic Management.  Spring 1994, : 44‑51. 

Singer A.E. DCF Without Forecasts.  OMEGA: International Journal of  Management Science. 22, 3, 1994:  221‑236.

Singer A.E. Strategy as Moral Philosophy.  Strategic Management Journal.  15, 1994:  191‑213. Reprinted in H. Igor Ansoff Critical Evaluations in Business and Management 2 vol ISBN-13: 9780415325578 Edited by: John Wood; Michael Cunningham Wood Publishers: Routledge / Taylor & Francis (2007) Series: Critical Evaluations in Business and Management.

Singer A.E. (with A.G. Woodside) Social interaction effects in the framing of buying decisions.  Psychology & Marketing.  11, 1 1994: 27‑34. 

Singer A.E. Strategy With Sunk Costs.  Human Systems Management.  12, 2, 1993: 97‑114.

Singer A.E. Strategy as Rationality.  Human Systems Management.  11, 1, 1992:  7‑22.

Singer A.E. Meta-Rationality and Strategy.  OMEGA: International Journal of Management Science. . 19, 2, 1991: 101‑110.

Singer A.E. (with M.S. Singer) Fair Managerial Selection.  Journal of Managerial Psychology, 6, 5, 1991: 22‑5.

Singer A.E. (with M.S. Singer) Justice in Preferential Hiring.  Journal of Business Ethics, 10, 1991: 797‑803.

Singer A.E. and R.J. Brodie Forecasting competitors' actions: a review of alternative ways of analysing business competition.  International Journal of Forecasting.  6, 1990: 75‑88. 

Singer A.E., Lysonski, S., Singer M.S.., Hayes D.  Ethical Myopia: the case of  "framing" by framing.  Journal of Business Ethics.  9, 1990: 45‑52.  (reprinted in T. Donaldson & P Werhane eds. Ethical Issues in Business: A Philosophical Approach (6th edn. & 7th edn).   Prentice Hall 1999: 456-465. )

Singer A.E. and Oral M.  Some design considerations for KBDSS at the corporate level of diversified firms.  New Zealand Journal of Business, 12, 1990:  134 - 143.

Singer A.E. (with M.S..Singer) Situational constraints on transformational versus transactional leadership behaviour, subordinate leadership preference and satisfaction.  Journal of Social Psychology.  130, 3, 1990: 385‑396.

Singer A.E. (with Oral, M.  and Kettani, O.) Internationalcompetitiveness level and its strategic implications.  International Journal. of Research in Marketing.  6, 4, 1989: 267‑282.

Singer A.E. (with Lysonski, S.L. and Wilemon, D.).  Coping with environmental uncertainty and boundary spanning in the product manager's role.  The Journal of Consumer Marketing, 6, 2, 1989: 33‑43.  Also appeared by request in Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 3, 1, 1988: 5‑16. and an abstract of the paper appeared in the Journal of Product Innovation Management 6, 1989: 73‑4.

Singer A.E. (with M.S. Singer) Fairness of preferential treatment in selection: an empirical study of the perceptions of European New Zealanders.  Chinese Journal of Psychology, 31, 1989:  57‑63.

Singer A.E. and N.T. van der Walt.  Corporate conscience and foreign divestment decisions.  Journal of Business Ethics, 6, 1987, 543‑552. 

Singer A.E. and Singer M.S..  The identification and control of entrapment in corporate investment decisions.  New Zealand Journal of Business, 9, 1987: 43‑54.

Singer A.E. Organisational levels and investment decision support.  New Zealand Operational Research, 14, 2, 1986: 150‑5.

Singer A.E., Singer, M.S. and Ritchie, G. The role of transactions in mental accounting.  Psychological Reports, 59, 1986: 835‑8.

Singer A.E. (with Singer, M.S..) Relations between transformational versus transactional leadership preference and subordinates personality:  An exploratory study.  Perceptual and Motor Skills, 62, 1986: 775‑80.

Singer A.E. (with Singer, M.S..)  Individual differences in the escalation of commitment paradigm.  Journal of Social Psychology, 126, 2, 1986:  197‑204.

Singer A.E. (with M.S. Singer) Differences in the perceptions of male and female police officers.  Journal of Psychology, 119, 1, 1985: 53‑9. 

Singer A.E. (with M.S. Singer) The effect of police uniform on interpersonal perception.  Journal of Psychology, 119, 2, 1985:  157‑61. 

Singer A.E. (with M.S. Singer) Self-and-other perceptions of the police and university students in New Zealand.  Journal of Social Psychology, 125, 6, 1985:  729‑33.

Singer A.E. (with Singer, M.S.) Is there always escalation of commitment?  Psychological Reports, 56, 1985:  816‑18.

Singer A.E. Strategic and financial decision making process in New Zealandpublic companies.  New Zealand Journal of Business, 7, 1985:  33‑46. 

Singer A.E. (with Huang, M.S.) Ethnic group stereotyping by police and university students in New Zealand.  Journal of Psychology 116, 1984:  89‑93.

Singer A.E., Davies, J. and Huang, M.S.  Talking about probabilities:  A logical problem for OR/M.S..  Decision Sciences, 15, 4, Fall 1984:  488‑97. 

Singer A.E. Planning, consciousness and conscience.  Journal of Business Ethics, 1, 3, 1984: 113‑17. 



Singer A.E. (2011)  “Third World or One World?” (review of Third World America by Arianna Huffington, Crown: NY 2010) Human Systems Management.30,2 (4pp)

Singer A.E. (2010)  “Philosophy Plugged: How Robotics Informs Ethics” (review of Moral Machines, by W. Wallach & C Allen (OUP 2007) Human Systems Management 29,1:65-8. (Also appears on the Moral Machines Blog)

Singer A.E.  (2009) Review of “Blessed Unrest” by Paul Hawken (Penguin 2007) Human Systems Management 28(3) (5pp)

Singer A.E.  " ca change?"  Review of: Nanotechnology: Risk, Ethics & Law, Edited by Geoffrey Hunt & Michael Mehta. Science in Society Series (Series editor: Steve Rayner, OxfordUniversity) Earthscan: London 2006. Human Systems Management 26, 1, 2007: 63-68

Singer A.E. Review (invited) of `Solving Problem solving: a Potent Force for Effective Management' by R.L. Flood.  John Wiley & Sons: Chichester, Systems Practice  10(3), 1997: 343-8.

Singer A.E. Review (invited) of `Markets the State and the Environment : Towards Integration' by R. Eckersley (ed.) Macmillan, N.Z. Strat. Mgmt, 2( 2), 1996: 59-61.

Singer A.E. Review (invited) of `Corporate Renaissance' by Rolf Osterman, Nataraj:  CA.  N.Z.. Strat. Mgmt, Autumn 1995: 61-3.

Singer A.E. Book review of `Business and New Zealand Society' by J. Deeks & P. Enderwick.  New Zealand Journal of Business 16(1), 1994, pp 77‑79. 

Singer A.E. Book Review of `Evolution of Co-operation' by R.  Axelrod, Journal of Macromarketing, Spring 1988:  59‑62.

Singer A.E. Review (invited) of `Advances in Financial Planning and Forecasting', edited by C.F.  Lee.  JAI Press.  Journal of Business Research, 1988, 16:  275‑279.  (Book review article).



Singer A.E. (2017) Ridley’s Dangerous Idea and the Evolution of Death Proceedings of the Appalachian Economic History Conference, April 2017,  (5pp) Appalachian State University, Boone NC, USA

Singer A.E. (2016) A strategic analysis of corporate personhood. Proceedings of the Appalachian Economic History Conference, April 2016 (5pp)

Singer AE (2014) Accelerating economic inequality and the moral responsibilities of corporate-employed technologists.  HICSS-47, / IEEE Hawaii, Jan. 2014. (8pp)

Singer A.E. (2013) Corporate and artificial moral agency  Proc. of HICSS-46 / IEEE Maui, January 2013 (10pp)  Singer A.E. (2012) Ecopreneurship and recursivity  Proc. of, Int. Symp. On Entrep. & Innovation. ISEI Venice, Itally May  2012   Singer A.E. (2011) Robotics as moral philosophy. Proc. of HICCS-44, Hawaii, Jan 4-7 (on CD)

Singer A.E.  (2009) Ethical strategy and classical pragmatism. Proc. of WDSI , Hawaii, April 2009 (Best Paper Award, interdisciplinary section). Also accepted to DSI  New Orleans November 2009 (regional best papers track) 

Singer AE (2008) Strategy and Ethics: Integrating the ‘Integrative’ Frameworks.  Proceedings of the 2008 EBEN-UK/BAM Conference, New Hall, Cambridge (April 2008).


Singer A.E. (with D Elloy)  Self -leadership behaviour and self-managed work teams  Proc. of ANZAM, Rockhampton,  Dec. 2006 (onCD)

Singer A.E  Strategy and ethics: an organising framework Proc. of ANZAM, Rockhampton,  Dec. 2006 (16pp onCD)

Singer A.E  Poverty reduction as deliberate strategy Proc. of 35th WDSI  Hawaii, April 2006 pp79-81.

Singer A.E (with A Roy) Reducing corruption: individual, organisational and political approaches. Proc. of ANZAM, Canberra,  Dec. 2005 (on CD)

Singer A.E. Producing  and sharing: some implications for corporate strategy. Proceedings of 3rd International Society of Business Ethics & Economics World Congress, Melbourne, July 2004 (

Singer A.E. (with A Roy) Reducing corruption in international business decisions: prospects, frameworks and techniques. Proceedings of 3rd International Society of Business Ethics & Economics World Congress, Melbourne, July 2004 (

Singer A.E. MNC’s as partners against poverty: augmenting the agenda. Proceedings of the Australia New Zealand International Business Association (ANZIBA). Otago University, Dunedin, Nov. 2003:  (19pp)

Singer A.E.  Re-interpreting European Business Episodes: a Dialectical Approach. Proceedings of the Business History and Europe Conference,  NCRE, University of Canterbury, Sept 2003: 26-37

Singer A.E. Meta-theories of strategic behaviour. Proceedings of the International Association for Research in Economic Psychology (IAREP), Christchurch, Sept. 2003 (14pp. on CD)

Singer A.E. Strategic analysis and dialectical reasoning (abstract) Proceedings of Western Decision Sciences Institute, Kauai, April 2003: 80.

Singer A.E. Global strategic thinking and the new political macro-environment: a dialectical approach. Proceedings of the Australia New Zealand International Business Association (ANZIBA), Brisbane, Nov.  2002 : 419-30.

Singer A.E. Global business and the dialectic  Proc. Hawaii International Conf. on Business  June 2002 : 2-12.

Singer A.E.  Meta-theory and practice: the case for weak IPR. regimes. Proceedings of WDSI Vancouver, April 2001: 141-3

Singer A.E.  The case for weak IPR regimes (Abstract) : in Leveraging Research & Technology.  R&D Management Conference. Davenport et al (eds.)Wellington, Feb 2001 : 117.

Singer A.E.  Strategy, Mind and Nature.  In : Strategies for Sustainability and Success: Proceedings of the NZSM conference  1(2) Feb. 2000  : 87-92

Singer A.E. Meta-theory and practice.  Proceedings of the 29th Annual Western Decision Sciences Institute. Hawaii, April 2000. 1001-3

Singer A.E.  Transforming managers' (and their) conceptual models: the case of hypercompetition and the stakeholder model. Proceedings of the 10th International Association of Business & Society Conference.  Paris, June 1999 : 464-468

Singer A.E.  Hypercompetition: what's new? what's missing? what' next?  Proceedings of the Strategic Managment Educators Conference.MasseyUniversity, 1999, 1,1 : 39-50.

Singer A.E.  The concept of synergy-orientation in business and society. Proceedings of the 9th International Association of Business & Society Conference.  Hawaii, 1998: 449-54. (Also a note, "Intellectual property" on pp329-400)

Singer A.E.  A new path to prosperity?  Proceedings of the Strategic Managment Educators Conference. Auckland. Feb 1998: 42-7.

Singer A.E.  Game theory, business ethics and strategic management. Proc. 26th Annual Western Decision Sciences Institute meeting.Hawaii, March 25-29th.  1997: 747-50..

Singer A.E. Are Kiwis ready for Kyosei?  Proceedings of the ANZMEC Conference. Auckland.  November 1996: 644-8..

Singer A.E. Hyper-strategy: efficiency sustainability and justice.  Proc. 1st World Congress of Business Economics and Ethics. Tokyo July 1996.

Singer A.E. Collective advancement through network strategies.  Proc. Acad. Int. Bus. South-East Asia Regional Conf.:Dunedin, June 1996 514 - 522.

Singer A.E. The optimal strategy problem.  Proc. NZSM Educators Conf. Auckland Feb 1996. 120- 8.

Singer A.E. Ethics and Human Systems.  In: Systems for the Future; Proc. Australian Systems Conference,Perth, W.A. 26-28 September 1995, pp 260 - 268.

Singer A.E. The competitiveness of human systems.  Proc. 3rd Annual NZ.  Strat. Mmnt. Soc. Conf.  University ofWaikato, NZ. Feb 1995: 128 - 135.

Singer A.E. (with M. Oral, A. Reisman, R. Aggarwal).  Linking Government  Policy Formulation with InternationalCompetitiveness and Countertrade.  Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Symposium on International Economic  Competitiveness,Radford,Virginia, March 1990: 205 ‑ 221.

Singer A.E. The role of finance-theoretic investment decision models in corporate strategic planning:  an analysis using meta-rationality.  Proceedings of the AAANZ,Perth, 1990: 360 ‑ 371.

Singer A.E. Judgement in forecasting versus judgement in decision making: an experiment.  Proceedings of the 25th Conference of ORSNZ, August  1989: 45 ‑ 8.

Singer A.E. The decision-function-rationalities of investment decision models.  Proceedings of the 24th  Conference ORSNZ, August, 1988:  61‑8.

Singer A.E. Strategic divestment decision-support.  Who should forecast  what?  Proceedings of the 23rd Conference ORSNZ, August 1987:  75‑82.

Singer A.E. A commentary paper on Orford, R.J.  "On the relationship between the expectancy theory of motivation and the design of budgetary  systems".  Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the AAANZ,Victoria University ofWellington, August 1982.



Singer A.E. (2017) Corporate political activity, social responsibility and competitive strategy. Keynote Address at Programa Del Seminario Internacional Sobre Business Ethics Facultad De Economia Y Empresa Universidad Diego Portales 24 Agosto De 2017

Singer A.E. (2017) A Strategic Analysis of Corporate Personhood, Paper presented at AABRI Ashville NC

Singer A.E. (2015) Universal ideology and ethical strategy. Paper presented at  European Business Ethics Network Annual Research Conference, Copenhagen, DK, Oct 1-3

Singer AE (2013) Convergent Governance Principles & Stakeholder Capitalism. Invited papper presentation at the First Annual Conference on the Governance of Emerging Technologies. May 20-21st  2013, Chandler, AZ

Singer AE (2013) Political Rights & Moral Agency: An Organizing Framework.  Abstract (3pp) presented at the European Business Ethics Network Annual Conference, Lille, France, Sept 9-11.

Singer AE (2012) The past and future of ‘business ethics’. ASU 7thAnnual Conference on World History and Economics. April 2010

Singer AE (2011).Social responsibility, political activity and competitive strategy: an integrative model. Paper presented at EBEN 2011. Antwerp Universit, Antwerp  (Sept 15-17)

Singer AE (2011) Re-framing Milton Friedmans thesis on business and society. ASU 6thAnnual Conference on World History and Economics. April 2010

Singer AE (2010) A pragmatic approach to teaching ethics cases. Paper presented at the 4th International Conference on CSR, Humbolt University, Berlin (Sept 22-4)

Singer AE (2008) Ethics and Entrepreneurship: an Organising Framework. Paper presented at the 2008 EBEN-UK/BAM conference, New Hall,Cambridge (April 2008).


Doktor, RH, Dana L, Singer A &  Lins F (2007),”Cross-cultural Aspects of      Entrepreneurship and Uncertainty Avoidance, Presented at the Global Entrepreneurship Research Conference,San Francisco, CA., 2007.


Meismason A, Dana L, Anderson R & Singer A (2007) Innovation in Inuit Small Business: Rankin Inlet and Coral Harbour, Nunavut. Presented by Meismason at FIEA (Fostering Indigenous Entreprenurship in theAmericas) Nov. 8, 2007 in Sante FeNew Mexico.


Singer  A.E. Integrating ethics and strategy: the case of foreign direct disinvestment.  Paper presented at the Acadamy of International Business (13thUK chapter meeting).KingsCollege,London, April 2007. 

Singer  A.E. Business strategy and poverty alleviation.. Invited presentation to the The 11th International Business Ethics Conference, DePaul Institute for Business & Professional Ethics,Chicago, October 2004 

Singer A.E. Curing myopia: drug prices and health. Society for Business Ethics Annual Meeting,Seattle, July 2003.

 Singer A.E (with J. Calton & T Donaldson) Staking an ethical claim to intellectual property. A Symposium Session at The 10th International Association of Business & Society Conference.  Paris, June 1999.

Singer A.E. Philosophy and the Third Way.   International Conference of Management and Philosophy, NationalCentralUniversity,Chung-Li,Taiwan ROC. March 1998.

Panel member “Technological change, human values and ethics” at the 4th Int. Conf. on Social Values, St Catherine’s College,Oxford 1997.

”The evolution of strategic thinking.” Presented at the 4th Int. Conf. on Multi-Organisational Partnerships and Cooperative Strategy, Balliol college,Oxford, 8-10 July 1997.

Singer A.E. Hyper-strategy: efficiency sustainability and justice.  Paper presented at 1st World Congress of Business Economics and Ethics. Tokyo July 1966.

Singer A.E.  Competitiveness and Human Systems.  Invited presentation at  International Symposium on Competitiveness Agadir,Morocco.  May 1995.

Singer A.E. Optimalities and Rationalities.  Invited presentation at ORSA/TIMS.Boston, Spring, 1994.

Panel member: "Philosophical, mathematical and economic perspectives on optimality.  (With Profs. Zeleny, Ostermark, Lee, and Shi.)  ORSA/TIMSBoston, Spring, 1994.

Singer A.E. (i) Strategic and financial analysis without forecasts (ii) A new concept of competitiveness. Universityof Canterbury, NZSMS Educators Conference.  University ofCanterbury, Feb 1994.

Singer A.E.  Competitiveness as hyper-strategy.  Invited paper presented at the 5th Asia Pacific Researchers in Organisation Studies (APORS) colloquium. East-West Center,Hawaii, December 1993. 

Singer A.E.  Session chair.  Internationalmanagement issues:  research in progress.  Academy of International Business Conf., 1993,Maui,USA.

Singer A.E.  A conceptual framework linking corporate strategy with ethics.  Economic Psychology Symposium, Dept. Psychology,University ofCanterbury, July 1993.

Singer A.E.  (i) Linking strategy with ethics (ii) Investment strategy with sunk costs. NZSMS  Educators Conference,Auckland, Dec. 1992.

Singer A.E.  Back-casting and strategic decisions.  Paper presented at the 12th Annual International Symposium on Forecasting (ISF). Wellington, August 1992.  Session chairperson for Judgemental Forecasting III.

Invited participant at The 1st InternationalConference on the Ethics of Business in a Global Economy,Columbus,Ohio,USA, March 1992. 

Singer A.E.  Corporate rational agency and strategic forecasting systems 9th ISF,Vancouver, 1989.   (invited).  Session chairperson.

Singer A.E.  Judgemental adjustment of sales forecasts and investment decision quality:  some preliminary evidence.  9th ISF, 1989 Vancouver. 

Singer A.E.  Decision content, decision process and strategic rationality at  corporate level.  8th ISF,Amsterdam, 1988.  Invited.  Session chairperson.

Singer A.E.  Forecasting Competitors Actions.  8th ISF,Amsterdam, 1988. 

Singer A.E. and Van der Walt, N.T.  Forecast versus non-forecast factors mediating the divestment decisions on MNCs:  Some normative considerations.  7th ISF,Boston, 1987.

Singer A.E.  (with N.T. van der Walt).  Multinational divestment decisions and corporate conscience.  Presented by van der Walt, ORSA/TIMS St Louis, 1987.

Singer A.E. and Brodie, R.J.  Forecasting competitors' actions:  A review of theory and research.  Presented by R. Brodie at 6th ISFParis, 1986. 

Singer A.E.  The systematic enhancement of bottom-up financial appraisals.  Paper presented to the Annual TIMS/ORSA Conference,Brisbane, 1986.

Singer A.E. and M.S. Singer.  The control of "Concordian" behaviour, the psychology of commitment and the logic of sunk costs.  Occupational Psychology Conference, Nottingham,England, January 1986. 



Singer A.E. The conceptual framework of strategy as rationality.  Management Research News, 18, 12: 10-19, 1995.

Singer A.E. Business Ethics.  The MBA Manager.  May 1992: 9‑11. 

Singer A.E. & M. Oral.  Strategic analysis using actual and potential  competitiveness.  Management Research News.  15, 1, 1991:  5‑12. 

Singer A.E. & M.  Oral.  Organisational hierarchy and corporate strategy: a modification of the normative model.  Management Research News, 11, 6, 1988: 10‑19.

Singer A.E. Measuring reversibility in capital budgeting.  Management Research News  10, 1, 1987:  9‑14.

Singer A.E. When the stakes are high.  Accountancy: Journal of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and Wales, 98, 1119, 1986:  92‑4. 

Singer A.E. A classification of factors in corporate investment decisions.  Management Research News 9, 4, 1986:  16‑19. 

Singer A.E. and Singer, M.S.  Apply a little psychology when measuring risk.  Accountancy: Jnl. of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and Wales, 96, 1106, 1985:  113‑14.

Singer A.E. and Singer, M.S.  Risk: probability or personality?  Accountancy, 95, 1092, 1984:  105‑6.

Singer A.E. Facing the facts:  Or staying ahead of the computer.  Accountancy 94, 1082, 1983:  128‑31.

Singer A.E. Motivational theory and practical budgeting.  Accountancy, 93, 1063, 1982: 146‑48.

Singer A.E. Management Techniques & Services (A Course Manual)London:  Emile Woolf Publications, 1981.  (200 pages).

Singer A.E. Taking right-minded decisions.  Accountancy, 92, 1058, 1981:  114‑18.

Singer A.E. Taking risks in business:  How useful are the theories?  Accountancy, 92, 1056, 1981:  80‑4.

Singer A.E. Forecasting:  A firm favourite for examinations.  Accountancy, 92, 1055, 1981:  109‑112.

Singer A.E. Project evaluation under uncertainty:  Can you do better than PERT? Accountancy, 91, 1043, 1980:  96‑9.  Reprinted in Studies in Accountancy, ICAEW, 1980. 

Singer A.E. Systems and Data Processing.  (A Course Manual). London:  Emile Woolf Publications, 1980.  (70 pages).




Universal ideology and ethical strategy.   In: JD Rendorff (Ed.) Perspectives on Philosophy of Management and Business Ethics: Including a Special Section on Business and Human Rights.  Ethical Economy Series Vol. 51.  Springer International (2017).

Moral Knowledge for Human Systems. Human Systems Management 35, 325-333 (2016)

Business Ethics in the 21st Century: Stability and Change. Nova Science: NY (2013).

Reflection on eco-preneurship. In: T Burger-Helmchen (Ed.) Entrepreneurship:Born Made & Educated. . Intech (Croatia).  ISBN 979935307531-9,  pp59-74 (2012)

Stability and change in business ethics. In: Advances in Business & Management Vol 2,  NovaScience : NY  (2011)

Ideals without ideology.  Human Systems Management 27: 261-272 (2008).

Integrating Strategy & Ethics : Selected Works of Alan E Singer.  World Scientific Publishing Co: NJ.  (2007)

Business Ethics & Strategy. Vol. I & Vol. II, The International Library of Public and Private Ethics, Ashgate, England (Edited by AE Singer 2007)

Business strategy and poverty alleviation  Journal of Business Ethics 66, 225-231 (2006).

Business Ethics in Theory and Practice: Contributions from Asia and New Zealand   Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, (Edited by: Werhane PH & AE Singer, 1999)

Strategy as Rationality: Redirecting Strategic Thought and Action.   Avebury Series in Philosophy, Avebury, Aldershot, England, (1996)

Strategy as Moral Philosophy.  Strategic Management Journal. 15, 191‑213 (1994).


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